Higher Education in the United States of America (Classic Reprint)
Excerpt from Higher Education in the United States of AmericaThe point of beginning was the institutional life already familiar in the home beyond the seas. Harvard College was a combination of an English public school and Emmanuel College. It was established because the colonists desired to perpetuate in their new home the essential features of their former life. It was, therefore, a kind of professional school to train leaders for the new colony, especially ministers for the Church. Requirements for admission in these earliest institutions were confined at first to Latin. When Greek was added, it included grammar and readings from the New Testament. Mathematics was not specified at first, but later comprised arithmetic and the rule of three. Pupils were prepared for college privately, in the grammar schools, or in the colleges themselves. Indeed, the colleges were at first half schools. Harvard was founded as the "schoole and colledge at Newtown," Yale as a "Collegiate Schoole," and Dartmouth grew out of Dr. Wheelock's school for the Indians.These first colleges had small financial resources. The General Court of the colony voted four hundred pounds for the establishment of Harvard, and this was considered sufficient. The annual income was derived from the ferry between Charlestown and Cambridge and from an appropriation of one hundred pounds by the court. Yale was founded on almost nothing. As late as 1726 its annual budget was three hundred and fifteen pounds, nothing of which came from endowment. Harvard's total funds in 1776, after a century and half of history, were less than ?17,000. Records are preserved of benefactions as small as a few shillings, or a number of sheep, a pewter flagon worth ten shillings, a sugar spoon, and a "silver tipt jug." William and Mary was the richest of our earliest colleges. To this institution the king and queen subscribed ?2,000. Large tracts of land were also given and income from public revenues. The annual income above student fees was probably as much as ?2,000.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.Эта книга будет изготовлена в соответствии с Вашим заказом по технологии Print-on-Demand компанией ООО «Книга по Требованию». Print-on-Demand - это технология печати книг по Вашему заказу на цифровом типографском оборудовании. Книга, произведенная по технологии Print-on-Demand (POD) представляет собой классическую печатную книгу с соблюдением всех стандартов качества, от офсетной бумаги и плотного картона до качественного клея, используемого при изготовлении. Черно-белая текстовая или полноцветная иллюстрированная книга (в зависимости от исходного файла, подготовленного к печати) может быть изготовлена в разных вариантах: - в мягкой обложке (Клеевое Бесшвейное Скрепление); - скрепление скобой (для книг с небольшим количеством страниц); - в твердом переплете с клееным текстовым блоком; Материалы, используемые при производстве книги: - бумага текстового блока - офсетная (белая или кремовая) 80 г/м2 - мягкая обложка - бумага мелованная 250 г/м2; - ламинация обложки - матовая или глянцевая; - твердый переплет - картон 2 мм, каптал, белые форзацы, прямой корешок - сверхпрочный полимерный клей; - каждая книга упакована в термопленку. Каждый заказ обрабатывается в индивидуальном порядке: каждой книге, напечатанной по технологии Print-on-Demand, присваивается уникальный номер.